What information can a credit reporting agency obtain?

Credit reporting agencies play a crucial role in assessing and compiling individuals’ creditworthiness, providing lenders with information to make informed decisions. These agencies collect a variety of data to create comprehensive credit reports.

The information obtained by credit reporting agencies covers various aspects of an individual’s financial history and current credit status. Any inaccuracies on your credit report should be disputed immediately – either online or with help from a consumer credit attorney. It costs nothing to ensure your report has accurate information.

Payment History

One of the primary elements in a credit report is the payment history. This section details an individual’s track record of making payments on time or any instances of late or missed payments. Timely payments positively impact credit scores, while late payments, defaults, or accounts in collections can have adverse effects.

Past Loans

Credit reports include information about past loans, including mortgages, auto loans, personal loans, and student loans. The report will provide details on the type of loan, the original loan amount, the current balance, and the payment history for each loan account. Closed accounts may also be listed, showing how the individual managed those debts in the past.

Current Debts

Current debts, also known as outstanding balances, are a crucial aspect of credit reports. This section outlines the total amount of money currently owed on various credit accounts, including credit cards and loans. The ratio of outstanding balances to credit limits, known as credit utilization, is considered in assessing creditworthiness.

Credit Card Information

Credit reports include information about credit card accounts, both open and closed. This information encompasses credit limits, outstanding balances, payment history, and the status of the account. The credit card section helps lenders gauge an individual’s ability to manage revolving credit.

Public Records

Credit reporting agencies also obtain information from public records, such as bankruptcies, tax liens, and judgments. These records can significantly impact an individual’s credit score and stay on the credit report for a specified period.


The credit report lists inquiries made by lenders or creditors when an individual applies for credit. Inquiries can be classified as “hard inquiries,” which result from a credit application, and “soft inquiries,” such as those for pre-approved offers or background checks. While hard inquiries can temporarily lower a credit score, they typically have a minor impact.

Personal Information

Credit reports include personal information, such as the individual’s name, address, date of birth, Social Security number, and employment history. Ensuring the accuracy of this information is crucial, as errors could potentially lead to identity theft concerns or impact credit decisions.

Account Types

Credit reports categorize accounts into different types, such as revolving accounts (e.g., credit cards) and installment accounts (e.g., loans with fixed payments). The mix of account types contributes to the overall assessment of creditworthiness.


If an account has been sent to a collections agency due to non-payment, this information will be included in the credit report. Collections entries can have a severe negative impact on credit scores.

Consult a Florida Consumer Credit Lawyer Right Away

Credit reporting agencies compile a comprehensive set of information to create credit reports that provide a snapshot of your financial history and creditworthiness. If you need assistance disputing credit reporting information or any other consumer rights concerns, contact our office to consult with attorney Jibrael Hindi for free.